Chagas Disease – Symptoms and Causes;
The Chagas disease also known as American Trypanosomiasis, caused by parasite trypansosoma cruzi. It is an inflammatory and infectious disease. It is found in the faces of the triatomine bug which is transmitted and people. It is common in South America, Mexico and Central America.
This disease can affect anyone and in case left untreated may cause digestion and cardiac problems. The treatment includes destroying the parasite in acute infection.
Chagas disease may cause acute illness to follow by long term chronic illness in infected individuals. This disease presents itself in two phases. When the body encounters these parasites they multiply in the blood and circulate without showing any symptoms.
The mild symptoms of acute phases are;
• Skin lesion and
• Purplish lesion of one eye or eye swelling
• Poor or loss of appetite
• Swollen glands
• Body aches
• Swelling of the infected area
• Enlarge liver and spleen
the sings in acute phase take few days to dimension by own but caution is required in case the infection take advance phase of the disease.
The chronic phase symptoms;
The signs and symptoms of chronic phase may appear after 10 to 20 years of infection but in few cases, it never appears in a lifetime. The symptoms are;
• Congestive heart failure
• Cardiac arrest and irregular heartbeat
• Enlarge colon
• Digestive issues
• Swallowing difficulties due to enlarging esophagus
• Constipation and abdominal pain
• Nervous system problems
Causes of Chagas Disease
The cause of Chagas Disease Reduviidae bugs that live in holes and cracks in under constructed or damaged homes. It is transmitted and their feces or through infected animals. Reduviidae bug is also known as kissing bugs, triatomines, conenose bugs, or assassin bugs.
These buds come out in the night and feed over human and when they defected on the human body they leave this parasite. This parasite can enter to the body through eyes, mouth, cut or scratch or in some case the wound from a bug bite. Even rubbing and scratching the bug bite help the parasite to enter the body. One the parasite enters in the body it starts to multiply and spread eventually.
Benznidazole and Nifurtimox are medicines use to treat the parasite infection in Chagas disease. They are effective in treating and curing the disease if given at the acute phase of disease onset. These medicines are also effective for an individual whose infection is at suppression phase as a precautionary measure for future to prevent from chronic Chagas phase.