What are Various Hepatitis C Transmission Routes?
Hepatitis C is a virus that affects the functioning of the liver. The person with Hep C may experience the acute phase of symptoms. But sometimes the symptoms go un-noticed or confused with other likely condition result in the chronic phase of Hep C.
The hepatitis C is a blood-borne disease which is transfused through blood or bodily fluid transfusion by any mean with an infected person or blood.
It is very easy to catch HCV virus but with some precautions and prevents steps can help to avoid the chances of getting this chronic health conditions.
How Hepatitis C is spread,
Hepatitis C only spread through the exposure of infected blood. The most common methods of catching hep c virus are blood transfusion and injection drug use.
1. Blood and Blood product;
The blood and blood products including organ transplant are considered to be the main causes of spreading hepatitis C. the HCV virus transmit with blood contact with others who have the infection. The use of contaminated injection in the hospital, using surgical material who might be contaminated and other possibilities is during dialysis. The number of people uses machine throughout the day and who knows when contaminated blood or HCV virus enters in the bloodstream from some other patient.
In past, the organ translation was considered as one of the biggest cause for HCV tar mission but now through screening test are administer before transplant.
2. Injection drug use;
Sharing needles and other surgical instruments used to inject the drug via intravenous form HCV frequently transfer between people who abuse drugs and shear the used needles. Syringe and other equipment which is used in prespring drugs. If people are shearing a straw or pipes, or using roll up to snort the drugs via the nose, in a group also lead to HCV transmission. Because they can have blood from crack lips or nose bleeding.
The rate of HCV in young adults is higher than HIV infections. Accidental needles, sharps or sticks in the health care centres can also transmit the HCV virus.
3. Medical or dental procedure;
The medical and dental procedure also have risks of infection. The risk is greater If the instruments are not sterilizing. Inadequate equipment use in kidney dialysis or equips for internal examination like biopsy or bronchoscopy may contribute to HCV transmission. In dental procedure re-use of syringes is common practice in underdeveloped countries which is the biggest cause of hepatitis C transmission.
4. Piercing, acupuncture, and tattooing;
The use of unsterilized needles and instruments during dyes which on many people and body piercing is another cause of HCV transmission. Some people use contaminated needles in acupuncture which are non-sterilize and it can spread contaminated blood.
3. Sexual Transmission
The unprotected sex can spread HCV virus if prevention was missing. The sex during menstruation cycle and sex practices like fisting id more likely to spread. The chance is great when someone is doing sex with multiple sex partner. Engaging in rough sex and use of injective drugs during sex are also some risk to developed Hepatitis C.