5 Most Common Types of Infectious Diseases in Children
Infection diseases and illness are caused by pathogens or microbes. All germs like bacteria, fungus, virus and parasites do not cause infections. some host bacteria live on the skin, nose, gut, eyelids and mouth. These bacteria called flora and help un in many ways.
Fever and runny nose are very common problems among babies and children. Parents are quite concerned with children about cough, cold, sore throats, fever and rashes along with ear infections. some children have frequent diarrhea followed by vomiting.
Infection is the effects of a foreign organism in the body. The type of infection depends on pathogen as very microbe react differently in the body resulting in different kind of disease in the human body.
Some infectious diseases that can affect the children are:
1. Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
RSV is the infection of the airway which is not serious in many cases. But if the infected child is under two years or he or she has lung disease and some heart complication. Which show a weak immune system of the child. In such cases, the virus can affect the immune system by attacking the lungs and result in Pneumonia.
The child has cold-like symptoms such as nasal congestion, running nose, cough follows buy irritability and breathing problems. It is a common respiratory infection of the baby which required hospitalization. In most case, Respiratory Syncytial Virus don’t need any medical treatment from the doctor. Antibiotic medication cannot administer because it is a viral infection.
1. Viral Gastroenteritis
This Infectious Diseases caused by viruses, the norovirus and rotavirus which cause gastroenteritis problems. It is the inflammation of stomach and intestine typically developed from bacterial and viral infection. It is also term as stomach flu.
The symptoms are watery diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting and nausea and in some cases fever. The patient also experience heads aches and muscular aches.
It is epidemic disease highly contagious transfer from an infected person or ingesting of contaminated food and water.
The main focus is to treat the dehydration by taking plenty of fluids. In mild cases over the counter hydration medication helps. And take such food who prevent the inflammation.
Influenza is commonly known as flu and most contagious disease among other infections. this infectious disease is caused by an influenza virus. It is respiratory illness and symptom ranges from mild to sewer.
The most common symptoms are chills and sweats, high fever, sore throat, runny nose, dry and persistent cough, joint pains, fatigue, headaches, muscle aches and feeling tired for no reason. Other symptoms include sneezing, with diarrhea and vomiting. The symptoms last for a week.
Influenza virus symptoms can be managed by taking analgesic and anti-inflammatory medications. Avoid giving such medications to children under 2 years to the age,
The risk associated with flue is developing an ear infection, asthma, heart problems. The other risks are to liver disease and encephalitis. Vaccination is also an option to take every year which has protect from 3 to 4 types of viruses.
Mumps is a contiguous disease that is caused by a virus. This viral infection is caused by virus Mumps. The symptoms appear after two weeks of virus exposure.
The Symptoms start from fever followed by headaches, muscles aches, tiredness and include loss of appetite. Later on, the symptoms of tenderness and swelling of salivary glands also appear. Which cause puffy cheeks and tender jaw in one or both of sides.
The disease shows show severe signs in people in teenagers. There are few complications such as hearing loss are reported but it is quite reared.
The vaccination is recommended called the MMR vaccine, the Immunization can prevent this disease. Other methods include Taking simple analgesics such as paracetamol which can reduce fever and pain. Cold or warm packs can provide relief.
Measles is a childhood infection caused by a virus which is now always prevented with a vaccine.
The sings of Measles include fever, dry cough, runny nose, sore throat and inflamed eyes. These symptoms are followed by tinny white spot with a red base like a pimple and a large skin rash made up of bloated water flow into one and other. This infection occurs in sequences over a period of two weeks.
There is different complication involve with Measles leads to inflammation of sound box. So the condition includes ear infection, pneumonia, encephalitis and bronchitis along with croup.
Measles is serious and fatal for children and the death rates only decreases due to vaccine availability worldwide. The other treatment methods can be treating the symptoms and taking proper rest. To deal with the factor of dehydration liquid like water and fresh juices helps a lot. For fever, the patient can take paracetamol. The vaccination is recommended called the MMR vaccine, the Immunization can prevent this disease.