Diabetic Cataract Surgery – Treatment for Common Diabetic Eye Disease
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects nearly 1 out of 8 of the population. Due to the high level of blood sugar leads to many complications. Including problem with eyes ocular complication, blurred vision, optic nerve damage that causes glaucoma.
When eyes fail to get enough oxygen and glucose due to high blood sugar in aqueous humor, the fluid in the eye. It results in fail the supply and sugar level of Iris causing the lens to swell. Globally the cataract remains the leading cause of blindness. The patient has increase complication with time at the greater risk of limitation of vision.
Some symptoms include;
• Blurred and dim vision
• Sensitivity to the light
• See holes around eyes
• Need bright light for reading
• Poor vision in the night
• Fading and yellowing of color
How cataracts are treated?
The excessive blood sugar due to diabetic’s causes cataract. The Cataract surgery is required to remove lenses which are clouded by blood sugar and lack of oxygen and blood to the lenses. If the condition continues to grow results in permanent damage.
How diabetic cataract surgery is done?
During cataract surgery in diabetic patients, the lens inside the eyes which has become cloudy is removed. This will be replaced with an artificial lens to restore the clear vision.
The cataract surgery is less traumatic and can be performed on an outpatient basis. This surgery is performed on a high-quality ultrasound device. The ultrasound breaks the lenses into tiny pieces which through gentle suction will be removed.
After the lenses are removed the surgeon inserts intraocular lens at the exact position. The insertion will be closed with stitches and a protective shield in place over eyes in early stages of operative surgery.
This procedure is called phaco or phacoemulsification is modern and effective techniques which require small incision as compare to traditional surgical procedures. It also reduces the risk of retinal detachment and promotes faster healing.
The Laser Cataract Surgery;
The laser surgery is also effective in Diabetic Cataract Surgery. The surgical bladders and other hands tool are not used during surgery.
The steps are;
1. The corneal insertion is required to assess the lenses.
2. The interior capsules of the lens will be removed.
3. The fragmenting of the affected lens which needs less energy the Phaco. procedure.
4. Placing new inserts intraocular lens at the exact position.
5. Covering the eyes for protection in the early stages.
Post-operative preparation and risk assessment:
Before surgery, the compressive eye exams are required for overall health assessment. It helps to identify the risk assessment for surgery.
Some Diabetic patients during cataract surgery pose distinctive challenges. And they may be prone to more difficult post-operative recovery.
However, with minimally traumatic surgical techniques, such as Laser Cataract Surgery. The use of medication pretreatment of the diabetic retinopathy and appropriate post-operative measures.
To avoid any unlike senior if the surgery is performed at early stages of Cataract eyes the disease is often beneficial for diabetic patients.