Ulcerative colitis is a disease that affects colon or large intestine. This disease results in irritation and swellings which is called inflammation. The lining of the colon becomes inflamed that causes ulcer in the inner lining of the large intestine. When the colon becomes sore it results in tinny open pores and its symptoms are like irritable bowel syndrome. Ulcerative colitis is common among men and women but in females, it is more common.
The Ulcerative colitis symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, rectal bleeding with pain, painful bowl and urgency to defecate. Some other symptoms include gas, bloating, weight loss, rectal pain, stomach cramps, bloating and mucus in stool.
The symptoms vary according to the degree of opening of sores and inflammation. Location of ulcer is important to determine symptoms. Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation of joints. Skins, eyes, spine, liver and bile gut.
Till now the causes for Ulcerative colitis are unknown. Gens and some other inflammation disorder may play a role in causing Ulcerative colitis. Long-standing Ulcerative colitis can result in colon cancer.
Medication and surgery are an option for Ulcerative colitis. Surgery is the last resort for server cases of inflammation and threat complications. There is no cure and the patient can experience relapses in their conditions.
The medication can help the large intestine to suppress the colon inflammation and ulcer sores by allowing the tissue to heal. These group of medicine also reduces the frequency and intensity of the symptoms.
Corticosteroid, antibiotics that suppress the immune system, antibody medication called biologics that block inflammation in multiple ways.
In the case of diarrhea, blood loss, chronic and deliberating symptoms results in loss of electrolytes and dehydration due to Ulcerative colitis. Blood transfusion to treat the complication.
Proper diet can help in easing the symptoms of Ulcerative colitis. When the body fails to respond to medication some individuals turn to natural remedies. These remedies include some herbs and food nutrients, for example, Boswellia, bromelain, probiotic, husk, and turmeric. These natural herbs and nutrients can overcome the nutritional deficits that result in Ulcerative colitis.
Some nutrients suggest general rules that help the patient in a flare-up condition and to overcome the deficiency in the body due to Ulcerative colitis. Eat a low-fat diet and take more vitamin C with sufficient fiber intake because it moves slow and stays in the colon for longer period of time. That results in an easy and regular bowel movement process.
The surgery for Ulcerative colitis will recommend a doctor only in case of server complication in case medical therapy are not working. The frequent flare-ups impact the daily life of the patient and they left with no choice but surgery that involves removing colon permanently.
Colon Cancer and prevention
The prolong Ulcerative colitis can result in permeant damage to the colon that has the risk to develop colon cancer. The frequent screen is required for testing to rule out cancer due to the risk of suffering from persistent inflammation and colon ulcer.