The complete blood panel test is known to be a test that measure and determine the patient overall health and also check for various problems of health. Further it is also known as complete blood count or full blood count. In most cases it is done during the medical checkup routine which helps in knowing and identifying disorders and blood diseases like; immune system disorder, blood cancer, anemia and clotting problems. Overall measures of blood test.
There are several features and panel that a complete blood panel test and they include;
White blood cells
They are found in the blood and they are infection –fighting cells and they are very unique to red blood cells. There are the main type of the red blood cells and they include; B-type lymphocyte, basophil is, neutrophils, basophil is, monocyte, band cells and T-type lymphocytes that are known to be part of the complete blood panel test.
These cell plays different roles in offering defend to the body. When one experience low WBCs (Leukopenia) they may suffer from autoimmune condition, immune disorder, sever infection and bone marrow disorder.
Further in high WBCs (leukocytosis) count then it indicate that one is suffering from severe stress, blood cancer, inflammation, allergies, tissue damage and asthma.
It is known to be the iron-rich found in blood that is used in transportation of oxygen through the body. The test done will determine on the amount hemoglobin that is found in blood. In most cases, when the hemoglobin is low then it indicates that one has anemia.
Further if the hemoglobin is high more that the normal state it can results to the following effects like excessive vomiting, heavy smoking, lung diseases, intense physical exercise, polycythemia and dehydration.
Mean corpuscular volume
It is known to be the normal measure of the red blood cell size. In most cases it is very helpful because it can identify the type of anemia that one may have .When the MCV is abnormal then it indicate pregnancy,thalassemia,pregnancy,iron deficieny,blood cell destruction and chronic disease.
Red blood cells
The red blood cells count are measured by the complete blood panel test which the RBCs help in transportation of oxygen form the lungs to the rest of the body. When one has low red blood cells it show that one may have; over-hydration, another disorder bleeding, and bone marrow failure. When one has high red blood cells count indicate that one can have dehydration, lung disease, kidney disease and congenital heart disease.
Hematocrit is defined as the volume measure of a person’s blood that has blood cells. In most cases when one has low percentage of hematocrit indicate that one has blood loss, nutritional deficiency like iron, vitamin B12 and folate,sickle cell anemia, and bone marrow. When hematocrit is at high percentage then a person may have polycythemia, dehydration and eclampsia.
In this test it determines the number of platelets that is present in the blood. They are known to be colorless blood cells that plays major role in the blood clotting and they are smaller in size compared to the red blood cells and white blood cells.
Also by clumping and creating plugs in the blood vessels they are known to stop blood loss. Further when one has a low level of the platelets count one can bleed from different parts of the body and when it is high there can be a very high risk of having internal blood clots.