Parkinson disease is a neurodegenerative movement disorder. That affects the central nervous system and body. The symptoms start gradually from tremor to muscular stiffness. And with time the symptoms worsen in condition.
There are many symptoms and its presentation is different in everyone. Early signs are not noticeable but it increases gradually and both sides of the body may effect.
The signs and symptoms may include,
The speech is disrupted due to Parkinson in individuals. Speech impairment includes an inability to speak in a proper manner. speech may be an intangible, slur, soft but quick and people may hesitate before the talk. The patient speaks in a monotonous way rather than the usual modulation.
Tremors are also a common symptom of Parkinson disease. It starts with hands and feet and gradually it affects the body limbs. The tremor and shaking began in limbs and it tremors when the body is at the state of rest. Neck and head may also effect in later stages in the form of shaking uncontrollably.
Slow movement or bradykinesia develop over time and that results in slower body movement and simple task becoming time-consuming. The patients take small steps while walking and some drag feet’s while walking. Other may find it difficult to sit on the chair.
The patients who suffer from Parkinson fails to perform involuntary movements or some time their performance is slower to respond. These functions include blinking, smile, arms swinging while walk and so.
Rigidity or muscles stiffness also results due to Parkinson. Sometimes it Is not visible during movement or normal functions but a physiotherapist can diagnose the issue. The extensive muscles tones can be painful and difficult to move.
Posture and Balance
The patient has poor coordination and balance due to uncontrolled tremor and muscles tightness. This condition results in poor eye-hand coordination with stoop and balance problem due to Parkinson disease. The patient loses ability in fine and gross motor skills like holding a thing, catching a ball or anything they are holding my drop.
The people who suffer from Parkinson also repost impairment in writing skills. They feel difficulty in writing and also write small and incomplete words.
These patients report body and muscular pain and restless in some parts. Some complaints about numbness and burning sensations in extremities.
Patients have poor muscles and body control. Their movement is slow with a feeling of fatigue without any physical activates. Coordination and balance are poor that result in issues with limbs control issues.
The causes or Parkinson disease are unknown, but some say certain cell in brain damages gradually and die. The lower level of dopamine also changes brain chemistry that leads to abnormal brain activity. Some say it is due to gens other says environmental factors play a role.
Age and Risk Factor
Younger adults may not experience Parkinson disease, not even midlife. But after 60 years of age people usually, develop this disease. Heredity also increases the risk factor of Parkinson.